Doctors say there has been a rise in the number of people going to hospitals in Melbourne because of a sexually transmitted infection. Doctors are reporting a twenty-fold increase in people presenting with syphilis-related eye infections asof sexually transmitted disease. In the early 2000s, the Eye and Ear Hospital recorded approximately two issues per year of ocular syphilis. A Melbourne then researched the condition from 2006 to 2019. In 2018, 17 cases of ocular syphilis were recorded, with infections increasing to 21 in 2019, seven of whom were women.
Ophthalmologist Danielle Ong said, “No signs of it slowing down”. “When syphilis enters the body, it can spread to different organs and can spread to the eye. We call syphilis the great masquerade because it can cause many eye conditions, such as nerve swelling, spots on the retina, and eye inflammation,” she said. If untreated, ocular syphilis could cause “irreversible damage,” such as permanent blindness. “When interviewing people with ocular syphilis, we find the most common symptoms are blurred vision or floaters,” Dr. Ong said. “We strongly recommend to keep up with your regular eye checks and present to an eyeprofessional if you notice any changes in your vision.”
New data has shown cases of syphilis exploded across Melbourne from 2015 to 2018, withworried a 220 percent spike in infection infections among women means an “epidemic is in place”. Epidemiologist associate professor Eric Chow said there had been a 45 percent increase in notified syphilis cases in Melbourne. He said they had increased from 950 points in 2015 to 1375 cases in 2018. Due to a 220 percent spike in women – particularly women of reproductive age – Dr. Chow said infection during pregnancy and congenital syphilis was a “major concern”.
“We know syphilis can cause major complications during pregnancy and even result in theall women at high risk to get screened during their third trimester in addition to the universal screening during the first,” he said. Syphilis starts with the appearance of sores or ulcers before developing into a rash. If untreated, it could eventually cause brain infection, dementia, and blindness. It can be cured with penicillin, but may not seek treatment because they do not realize they have been infected, as syphilis often follows the initial infection’s asymptomatic signs.